Czech Mountain Dog


N - FCI recognized breeds.

General Appearance:

Character is friendly, confident, fearless, lively temperament, manoeuvrable, capable of comprehensive training, and tolerant of strangers, including children, but also to strangers and dogs.  If it has been properly socialized at an early age, it is getting well even with domestic pets cats, ferrets over to the members of the order of rabbits (dwarf rabbits) or rodents (guinea pigs, rats). It is never aggressive.

Although it was created as a sled dog, it can work as verified in practice, as a shepherd dog, rescue, avalanche and social. However, It is used also a tracker at various dog sports (e.g. agility) and at canistherapy. Also it is vigilant watchdog


Its education is necessary, like by every other dog, vast but welcoming consistency. The owner needs to deliberate, patient, calm, gifted natural authority.

It is resistant to adverse weather conditions. It can adapt to even the harshest weather conditions. It is suitable mainly for sports-minded owner. It needs a lot of movement, and welcomes the possibility of any activity. It is an excellent companion for tourists, people dedicated to jogging, cross-country skiers. It excels in immense stamina, endurance and hardiness. It can be all year round in the outdoor kennel, which does not mean that it should live there all its life.


It's solid constitution, with no signs lymph or rudeness, long, mottled-coloured and has hanging earlobes. The format of the body must be driven by higher limbs slightly rectangular to almost square. The height at withers male  is 60-70 cm , female is from 56 to 66 cm. Body weight ranging from 30 to 40 kg for males and 26-36 kg for females.

The head is proportional to body size, gender expression corresponding to the individual. Skull should be relatively wide, but its width is always slightly less than the length. The above must be rather flat, not too arched. When viewed from the side, the topline in the imaginary extension of the divergent lines of the muzzle. The frontal slope (stop) should be distinct, but only gradual.

The muzzle should be slightly shorter than the skull, not too deep and blunt ended. Nasal bridge must be straight, broad. The nose is black, lips are strong, but adjacent to the jaw and teeth, should not be loose, pendulous. At the edges have to be ticked. Oral corners must be closed. The teeth are large, bite requires regular scissor, but the bite is also acceptable.

Eyes are medium sized, oval shaped, flat and brown to dark brown, gentle expression. The eyelid rims should be ticked. The earlobes are high, but far enough apart, with broad bases, hanging, triangular in shape, relatively large, so stretched forward to reach the corners of the mouth. Their front edge is adjacent to the cheeks, the back, especially in the heat of passion, protrude.

The neck is of medium length, quite strong, well-muscled and carried diagonally. Skin on it is strong, but without forming a dewlap at the throat. Its coat should be very dense.

Withers are clear, back straight and firm. Forechest should be viewed from the side marked, stands in front of the leading edge of the shoulder joint, but when viewed from the front should not be overly broad. Chest must be long, on the imaginary cross-sectional oval shape. Lower edge reaches to the elbows, but not below. The abdomen is slightly tucked.

The forelegs are straight and strong, parallel to each other. The position should be moderately well apart, not too close or too far apart. Elbows pointing straight backwards, must not be turned in or out. Pasterns are flexible but not soft. Feet should be oval shaped, large, tight, toes strong, arched.

The hindquarters must be strong, well muscled when viewed from behind parallel. The positions are far apart and moderate when viewed from the side should be appropriately bent. The hocks are strong, short, perpendicular to the substrate. Feet should be the same shape as the forequarters and straight. They may not  be  turned in or out. The presence of the first fingers (inches dewclaws), or even doubled, not a fault.

Loins are strong, muscular, short, stern is to be rounded. The tail should be deployed in the line of the croup and reaches to the hock. It is heavily furred, still hanging down, straight or slightly curved upward, on the move and in the heat of passion is carried high above the topline of the body, curved sickle.

Skin has to be strong, but flexible, but do not form folds or wrinkles. The hair is long. Its length on the back does not exceed 10 cm, on the back of the thighs and on the tail is rather long. Must be straight, dense, closed in winter with a woolly undercoat. Also, the belly should be well feathered. On the head and front of legs, hair is short.

Colouration is required spotted. On a pure white background are coloured spots ("plate"). Their colour can be any. The whole head is coloured or it may be for middle white "blaze". The plates on the hull can be deployed in any way irregular, but always at least one small for it to be. Sheath u is less desirable but acceptable. Mantle is clearly broken white paint on the neck (collar) or on the shoulders. On white sometimes appears dotting that can be tolerated, if not disturb the overall impression of contrast plates and primary colours.